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A gallery of pictures from Canton Lucerne, Switzerland by Momo Ritschard. This is the second part in a three part series of Canton Lucerne.
A gallery of pictures from Canton Lucerne, Switzerland by Momo Ritschard. This is the first part in a three part series of Canton Lucerne.
Food, it keeps us going. It satisfies our hunger. It gives us a pleasing effect. It is mostly there when we want it to be. But food is actually more than that. Food is what connects people and is a keeper of tradition. Through food, one can know more about the culture and tradition of any place. And so today I will arrange for you a big buffet with food from my country, Pakistan.
Pakistan does not actually have a singular traditional food, because “khana”, which is food in Urdu, comes from the four different provinces. Muslims are forbidden to eat pork or consume alcohol and strict Halal dietary guidelines are observed. Hence, Pakistanis being mostly Muslims, follow the same food code.
Pakistani cuisine uses spices, and one way of putting it would be “we love spices like we love food”. Meat cooked to the core, is a favorite of almost every one. But Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has the largest meat lovers. The most famous food in KPK would be Meat Karahi. Karahi is merely a thick circular pot, and it is called so because it is cooked in this pot. Meat Karahi is an infusion of spices in a form of thick curry, and the succulent meat is enriched with this flavor. It is eaten with the popular form of bread in Pakistan, Naan, which is roasted inside a hearth.
Chapal Kebab, literal translation “shoe kebabs”, are the most famous and the most delicious form of food. It is made from minced meat, and given the shape of the welt of a shoe, and fried on a plain cooking implement. A rice dish called Kabuli Palau is also a specialty. Pashtuns are known to make the best green tea to finish off the food. It is called Peshawari Kehwa, “Green Tea from Peshawar”. They add many fragrant herbs and some spices and cook it till it is pink in color.
A famous dish from the land of valiant Balochis, is the meat Sajji. It is a roast meat: either chicken or goat, the whole of which roasted on an open flame. It is cooked till the meat is tender. Another form is whole roast, which is called Dam Pukht. This is a very special dish, and goat meat is always used in it. The whole goat is used, and the centre is filled with rice which is cooked with nuts and carrots. The interesting thing about Dam Pukht is that the meat is roasted by digging a pit inside earth and putting coal on top of it. Naan is actually a favorite throughout Pakistan. And everywhere you go and whatever you eat, Naan is eaten with almost everything.If I talk about Punjab, I will talk about Lahore first, because it is considered as the food hub of Pakistan. Their motto is, “We live to eat and not eat to live”. Food cultures from all over Pakistan are celebrated here. Gawal Mandi is a famous and most old hangout for food lovers here. You can find the best Fried Fish over here, which has perfect balance of spices and is cooked to perfection. Dahi Bhalla (balls made from flour and ground grain, fried and served with yoghurt) is another popular dish. But what kind of food is famous in Punjab, you ask? To start with, a good breakfast this includes a large dose of buttermilk taken with Halwa Puri. Halwa is a very common and delicious dessert of South Asia. There are many types of halwa, like almond fudge, semolina halwa, carrot halwa, gourd halwa, pumpkin halwa and many more. It is made up of Butter and is garnished with lots of dry friuts. Puri is made from wheat flour and is deep fried in oil. It is served with a kind of gram curry or Halwa and other vegetable. Nihari is another popular dish, it is basically a curry stew made with either beaf or lamb.
Barbeque is a favorite among Pakistanis all over. Gujranwala, a city in Pakistan, is famous for barbequed Quails. If you want anything lighter, then Daal is something you should not miss. Different types of pulses, made into a curry like form and taken with either boiled rise or chapatti, is a well known form of food supplement around here.
Qulfi, a frozen milk based dessert, came to our native land from India, served with pistachios and almonds is something no one should miss. Other desserts include Ras Malai, Sweet Rice, which are called Matanjan, and assorted confectioneries.
Moving on towards Sindh, Sindhi Biryani is the king of all biryanis. Biryani is a rice dish with meat, potatoes and spices and herbs for flavor and smell. Sindhi Curry which is vegetables mixed with chick pea flavor is a special food item from Sindh. Meethi Aloo, a famous dish from Sindh and eaten almost everywhere in Pakistan. To make this dish, you need to combine hot chili peppers, garlic, and fennel leaves (fresh or dry). With these ingredients, you can easily convert a simple potato into a curry to be consumed with puri, chapati, rice or bread. In Sindhi cuisine, you will find several dishes that have unique recipes such as the ones above. Fish curry is another very unique dish made in Pakistan.
Pakistan is a land of an incredible culture and tradition. And like everything else, our food is also a huge part of our heritage.
So yes, this was a big buffet. And no this is not the only food we are into. But due to less space and less time, this is all for now.
Written by: Amna Javed
This is where Wilhem Tell used to live as a hard-working mountain farmer, on his piece of land, which was up in the Alps. He had inherited the land from his father. To have enough food on the table for him and his family, he was often seen hunting with his crossbow, and thus was an excellent shooter (said to be the best and most accurate). This was also well known far beyond the village he lived in.
Even though he had a tough life, he was happy and satisfied with himself and with the world. He was married to his wife Hedwig and had two sons, Walter and Wilhelm. One day, he and his son Walter were heading down to the valley of Altdorf to go shopping.
King Albrecht of Austria wanted to rule the cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden. He sent his reeve Hermann Gessler into the country. Gessler was known as a tyrant; he loved to torture his subordinate folk.
On this day, Tell heard from his neighbours that this tyrant is gaining power, and is increasingly more fierce and brutal against the folk of Canton Uri. Upon arrival at the market place, Wilhelm notices that the people are quite stirred up. There are also quite a few soldiers seen, which belong to Gessler.
In the middle of the square, stands a pole with a hat. The hat belongs to Gessler and everyone passing should greet the hat as if it is him in person. Tell isn’t impressed at all and just passes by. He is then grabbed by some soldiers, which tell him to greet Gessler. Tell replies: “I only see a hat“. The soldiers are not happy about his reply and grab him. Tell does not struggle one bit. Meanwhile, a lot of people have gathered around Tell.
After a while, Gessler appears. Gessler recognizes Tell and knows that he is a good shooter with the crossbow. Wanting to know from Tell why he does not cooperate with the laws. Tell answers again: “I will not greet a pole with a hat, that is ridiculous“. This makes Gessler very angry and he orders the soldiers to arrest Tell. Tell endures this without defending himself, which makes Gessler even more angry.
Gessler notices that Tell’s son is also there, and so a malicious idea creeps into his mind. He tells Wilhelm: “You can win back your freedom with a good shot by your crossbow“. Gessler reaches into his saddle bag and takes out an apple saying: “All you have to do is hit this apple with an arrow“. Of course, Tell does not realise Gessler’s ulterior motives, and thinks that this will be a piece of cake.Gessler commands Tell’s son Walter to stand in front of a tree, which is 80 meters away. Gessler puts the apple on Walter’s head and speaks out loud: “This apple on the head of your son is the target. If you miss, your son will die, but if you aim true, you and your son will get back your freedom“. Tell has no other choice but to do as he commands. He takes his bow into his hands and prepares two arrows. One he puts by his side and the other he aims at the apple on Walter’s head. Of course he trembles and it takes him a while before letting the arrow go. As he finally does, the arrow draws a straight path towards the apple. It hits the apple and splits it into two. A true master shot. The people all around cheer and are proud of him. Tell grabs the arrow which he had put beside him and goes to put it back into his quiver. Gessler, who does not want to lose face, congratulates him: “Well done, you are back to being a free man“. But he notices the second arrow and wants to know: “What did you have in mind with the second arrow“? Tell replies with: “If i would have missed my shot and had taken my son’s life, the second arrow would have hit you for sure“. Gessler goes into a rage and gets Tell arrested for the second time: “You can think about what you just said, and for this you have all the time in your life, in my castle in Küssnacht“. Gessler wants to leave Altdorf now as fast as possible, even though a storm warning has been raised. He knows that he isn’t welcome here any longer. With his prisoner and his soldiers, they sail back on Lake Vierwaldstätter (Lake Lucerne), on the way to Küssnacht. The storm is getting stronger and stronger. The ship is close to being capsized. Gessler and the soldiers are scared and are trembling, unlike Tell. Tell is as calm as usual. So Gessler orders Tell to steer the boat. Of course, this is a big advantage for Tell and he starts steering without argument. He heads for a cliff, jumps ashore, pushes the boat back into the lake and flees as fast he can over the hills. Luckily he knows this place quite well as he went hunting in this region several times. Tell knows exactly what he has got to do now. The only way to get to the Castle through Küssnacht is a ravine called Hohlen Gasse. So this is where Tell hides waiting for Gessler to pass. After hours of waiting, Gessler and his soldiers finally walk through the Hohlen Gasse. Tell prepares his crossbow and his second arrow. He aims and shoots the arrow which goes right through Gessler’s heart. This marks the end of the tyrant. Tell’s heroic deeds spread rapidly across the country.
This heroic deed by Tell led, on the 1st of August 1291, to the “Rütlischwur”, on Rütli (a meadow above “Lake Vierwaldstätter), which is an oath by the so-called three Urkantone (primal cantons): Uri, Schwyz and Obwalden. One man from each of the Cantons comes and vows to unite against foreign powers as a nation of brothers. This ritual of vows leads to the term “confederation”, and eventually leads to the so-called birth of Switzerland.
Written by: Momo Ritschard
They say marriages are made in heaven. They may be right. But before the heaven is experienced by the people who are in it together, it has to go through a couple of rituals which are entirely made on Earth. Like everywhere else, weddings are highly anticipated and celebrated in Pakistan as well. Although the whole wedding business has evolved, many things are still done traditionally.
The main thing about a Muslim wedding that makes the bond between two people is called Nikah. It is like a contract that binds two people together. After the Nikah is finalized the bride and groom are pronounced Husband and Wife. The Nikah is usually held in a mosque in a very simple way.
But till the Nikah is finalized there are a few pre-marriage ceremonies. The Mayoon takes place at least a week before the wedding. This ritual is a traditional one and is anticipated on the bride’s part. The girl is not allowed to go shopping or step outside the house or even work inside the house when she “sits for mayoon” so she can get the maximum amount of rest and take care of herself. The groom is not allowed to see the bride to be during this time because it is a function of privacy.